zigzag pattern trading: Zig Zag Indicator: Definition, How Pattern Is Used, and Formula

closing price

There will always be minor price movements that occur within the trend, but a good trader has to know how to not focus on the noise and follow the trend. A trader could adjust the Zig Zag indicator to see short term and long term trends. The Zig Zag indicator can be used for short-term bot trades and long-term investments. It can identify trends on the 5m, 30m, 1H, 4H, 1D, and 1W charts.

There’s a downward double zigzag with a triangle in wave () (we’re going to examine this pattern in the next articles). An impulse in wave confirms the ending of the double zigzag. Usually, this pattern forms when the first zigzag is far smaller from the expecting correction, so after a break, the second zigzag arrives. In other words, if the first zigzag isn’t enough to be a correction itself, the second zigzag takes place.

  • Traders can use this to compare historical lows and highs and draw up future projections to prepare for retracements and upward momentum.
  • This indicator is best used when combined with other indicators.
  • By filtering minor price movements, the indicator makes trends easier to spot in all time frames.

For example, a trader who only places long term trades can adjust the indicator for 15% moves to reassure themselves that their long or short trade is following the trend. Leveraged trading in foreign currency or off-exchange products on margin carries significant risk and may not be suitable for all investors. We advise you to carefully consider whether trading is appropriate for you based on your personal circumstances. We recommend that you seek independent advice and ensure you fully understand the risks involved before trading. The 3 waves of the zigzag (A-B-C) subdivide as a meaning the ‘A’ leg has 5 sub waves in it, the ‘B’ leg has 3 sub waves in it, and the ‘C’ leg has 5 sub waves in it. However, sometimes wave X of a double zigzag could be relatively small.

Step #3: Wait for the third wave to terminate between 0.618 – 0.786 or between 1.0 – 1.272

This chart is part of our educational article “Trading the Elliott Wave Principle – Part 3.” The BAC 3-hour chart is part of our educational article “Trading the Elliott Wave Principle – Part 3.” Double Zigzags subdivide into five waves and labels as W, X, Y, XX, and Z. Double Zigzags subdivide into three waves and labels as W, X, and Y. The currency market is going through a week of tension and stress with new forecasts for further action by the US Federal Reserve.


The https://1investing.in/ Channel is a technical analysis tool that is used to estimate support and resistance levels based on the Fibonacci numbers. It is a variation of the Fibonacci retracement tool, except with the channel the lines run diagonally rather than horizontally. The tool is used to aid in identifying where support and resistance may develop in the future.

Truncated Zigzag Pattern

The minimum price change parameter determines the percentage for the price to move to create a new zig or zag. This indicator eliminates price changes that are less than the given value of this parameter. Hence, the ZigZag indicator highlights significant changes only. In most cases, we use the ZigZag indicator to indicate only the most important turns and changes; applying other indicators (i.e. Elliot Waves) can provide a more holistic view. In fact, the market corrects aggressively, and the pullback is just an opportunity to trade in the direction of the underlying trend. Therefore, understanding zigzags is crucial for every trader willing to swing trade following the Elliott Waves rules.

zigzag pattern

It will cover senzigzag pattern tradingnt analysis, how to benefit from market sentiment, the different types of sentiment indicators available in the market, and more! Additionally, the ZigZag indicator is able to show different chart patterns, such as the head and the shoulder; W, M, V-shaped reversals; and many others. That can really be an advantage to beginner traders who still don’t know how to define patterns with the naked eye. The ZigZag indicator utilises sectional lines to connect significant tops and bottoms of the price.

You can use other technical indicators such as MAs, MACD, ADX, etc., to generate potentially profitable trading ideas and create complete trading strategies. When it comes to creating an acceptable trading strategy, creating a complete trade setup using the concept is impossible as it only shows the results. The Elliot Wave is a standard technical indicator that generates trade ideas only depending on the Zig Zag pattern concept. You can create invincible trading strategies by combining this concept with other technical tools and indicators. ZigZag lines only appear when there is a price movement between a swing high and a swing low that is greater than a specified percentage; often 5%. The most commonly used deviations for Zig Zag indicators are 5% and 10%.

How to Trade with the Zigzag indicator

The best risk-free way to test these strategies is with a demo account, which gives you access to our trading platform and $50,000 in virtual funds for you to practice with. When trading currency pairs, a forex signal system creates a buy or sell decision based on technical analysis, charting tools, or news events. A forex trading bot or robot is an automated software program that helps traders determine whether to buy or sell a currency pair at a given point in time. Price changes below a specific threshold, normally 10% or 20%, are removed from trendlines through a filtration process.

Finally, if we have just a small zigzag, as shown in the chart above, then we could consider the possibility to have a double three pattern. Double and Triple Threes are the trickiest wave patterns, which consist of zigzags, flats, triangles, double and triple zigzags. There’s no any rule related to order of these correction patterns, except a position of a triangle in these structures. Admirals offers professional traders the ability to significantly enhance their trading experience by boosting the MetaTrader platform with MetaTrader Supreme Edition. The ZigZag indicator can identify tops and bottoms depending on the input settings used. Traders should be able to identify higher highs, higher lows, lower highs, and lower lows just by looking at the indicator lines as shown in the example within the graph below.

In such a case, you should use a more sensitive zig zag setting so as to adjust to the new trending market conditions. When this is combined with the swing levels provided by the zig zag pattern, we get an overlapping confluent signal. The indicator can also help traders to identify Harmonic patterns. After some time, the price action managed to breakout of the triangle pattern through the resistance in a bullish direction. You may end up changing the settings of the indicator for the same market because of changes in the market conditions.


So we can use the price channel as a means to estimate the termination point of C and the zigzag pattern. Also, the zigzag was designed to make progress against the trend. Therefore, wave B of a zigzag can be any 3 wave pattern , but wave B cannot retrace 100% of wave A. A retracement of 99% is acceptable, though unlikely and progress needs to be made.

This week is unlikely to bring unexpected news and decisive changes, but it will require market participants to pay close attention to policy signals and the release of some data. To my mind, ZigZag is a comfortable and accessible instrument that enhances your tech analysis. With ZigZag, you can automatize various trading strategies. When the price declines, a new low will be formed after ZigZag defines the local extreme by the same algorithm.

Explaining the ZigZag Pattern with the Elliott Theory

If a stock traded from a reaction low of 100 to a high of 109 (+9%), there would not be a line because the move was less than 10%. If the stock advanced from a low of 100 to a high of 110 (+10%), there would be a line from 100 to 110. If the stock continued on to 112, this line would extend to 112 . The ZigZag would not reverse until the stock declined 10% or more from its high. From a high of 112, a stock would have to decline 11.2 points (or to a low of 100.8) to warrant another line. The early June bounce was ignored because it was less than 7% .

Zig Zag Indicator -How to Use it to Trade Forex

That is why the simple moving average appears to be lagging behind the real changes as they happen in the market. The turning points denote the positions where trends turn from one direction to another and aggregate price rises turn into falls. The reason is that the stop loss order will be triggered and you will exit the trade, preventing your profits from being wiped out of your trading account. In case the price action reverses and begins to move in the bearish direction, your profits will be protected. Most traders don’t like to use repainting indicators because they think that they are not reliable.

This eliminates smaller price swings, and allows the analyst to see the bigger picture. Normally, the closing prices of Forex currency pairs are used, and imaginary points are placed on the given chart where the price reverses by the set percentages. These points are then connected by straight lines and the ZigZag appears.

Thus, you should make use of this chart to observe the condition of the primary trend, and not an instrument for trading in the market actively. Is to help the traders with remaining in a winning situation and prevent the impulse to close positions based on the insignificant reactions, which are prevalent in the market. Traders can fix the percentage move which will create a change in the ZigZag signal (in the above chart, which is 6%). The flexibility of the indicator means traders can adjust it to their trading style.

This line is temporary if the current price change is less than the ZigZag parameter, but becomes permanent if the price change is greater than or equal to the ZigZag parameter. The Zig-Zag indicator is a basic tool that analysts use to find out when a security trend is reversing. It is an excellent tool for any trader who follows indicators that use swing highs and swing lows. This is by far the most common set-up for a zigzag, and I would say that almost 90% of all zigzags fall into this category. Because they are so common, such zigzags are called normal zigzags.